Developed under the GEF-funded ‘Enhancing Capacity, Knowledge and Technology Support to Build Climate Resilience of Vulnerable Developing Countries (EbA South) Project’ and in partnership with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Ecosystem-based adaptation: a handbook for EbA in mountain, dryland and coastal ecosystems is now available on

This handbook provides practical guidance for planning and implementing community-led ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) in three vulnerable ecosystems: mountains, drylands and coastal areas. It is intended for project managers, practitioners and technical specialists. The guidance is structured around eight key steps in the project cycle, and includes general implementation protocols for EbA in each target ecosystem. It also includes an introduction to EbA which is intended for a broader audience, including policymakers.

EbA South project is implemented by UN Environment. UNEP-IEMP provides overall project management services, technical support and fosters South-South linkages for the project. The handbook is a joint product between UNEP-IEMP and IIED.